b'all over the world with the magic of virtuosityScottish baritone saxophonist Joe Temperley Nicky asked me to invite a diverse world of people(and his gleeful recitation of pungent limericks), into the experience of this piece Finding andand the luminous but obscure achievements of nurturing common musical ground between dif- Afro-American keyed bugler Francis Johnson, fering arts and musical styles has been a lifetimefather of the American cornet tradition and one fascination of mine It may seem simple enough,of the first published American composerswho but bringing different perspectives together is nev- was also a fine fiddler . These sources led me to er easy . The shared vocabulary between the jazzreconnect with the Anglo-Celtic roots of Afro-orchestra and the modern orchestra sits largely inAmerican music .the areas of texture and instrumental technique .Each of the four movements is an aspect of Form, improvisation, harmony, and methods ofa musical journey, as the violinist takes us to thematic development are very different . The big- an eclectic range of places and soundscapes . gest challenges are how to orchestrate the nuanceRhapsody is a complex dream that becomes a and virtuosity in jazz and blues for an ensemblenightmare, progresses into peacefulness and dis-not versed in those styles (a technical issue);solves into ancestral memory, Marsalis writes . and how to create a consistent groove without aRondo Burlesque is a syncopated, New Orleans rhythm section (a musical/philosophical issue) .jazz, calliope, circus clown, African gumbo, Mardi Marsalis explored historical cultural and musi- Gras party in odd meters . Blues is the progression cal connections between Benedettis Scottishof flirtation, courtship, intimacy, sermonizing, final rootsandhisownasanAfrican-Americanloss, and abject loneliness that is out there to bluesmanfromNewOrleans .Ilookedforclaim us all . Hootenanny is a raucous, stomping real-life examples in the history of jazzsym- and whimsical barnyard throw-down . She excites phonic collaborations and to the environmentus with all types of virtuosic chicanery and gets us and experience that connect Nicky and me . Iintoxicated with revelry and then goes on down considered aspects of her Scottish ancestry,the Good Kings highway to other places yet to be the great Afro-American abolitionist Frederickseen or even foretold . As in the blues and jazz Douglass love of legendary Scottish poet Roberttradition, our journey ends with the jubilance and Burns, my love and inextinguishable respect foruplift of an optimistic conclusion . PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKYSymphony No. 6 in B minor, Opus 74, PathtiqueCOMPOSER:born May 7, 1840, Kamsko-Votinsk, Viatka province, Russia; died November 6, 1893, St . PetersburgWORK COMPOSED:1893; dedicated to Tchaikovskys nephew Vladimir Bob DavidovWORLD PREMIERE:Tchaikovsky conducted the first performance on October 28, 1893, at the Hall of the Nobles in St . PetersburgINSTRUMENTATION:3 flutes (1 doubling piccolo) 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, (1 doubling bass clarinet), 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, cymbals, tam-tam, and strings .ESTIMATED DURATION:44 minutesI love it as I have never loved any one of myI certainly regard it as quite the bestand musical offspring before.Tchaikovsky on hiscertainly the most sincereof all my work . Sixth SymphonyAlthough Tchaikovsky declined to articulate the specifics of the program he attached to this Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovskys Sixth SymphonysymphonyLet them guess at it! he wrote continuestosparkdebatemorethan130to Davidovmany scholars and critics agree years after its composition . In a letter to histhat this passionate, highly emotional music nephew Vladimir Davidov, Tchaikovsky wrote,is a declaration of forbidden love; specifically, Last December I had the idea of writing a pro- that of Tchaikovsky for Davidov . Tchaikovskys gram symphony, but to a program that shouldtitleforthesymphonysupportsthisidea . remain an enigma to everyone but myselfAccordingtoscholarAlexanderPoznansky, 20222023Season 23'